for members of Barbarugo
HOW TO START A BAMBOO-PLANTATION
The tools you need include: spades, picks, pruning scissors, wheelbarrows, machetes or cutlasses. Ensure that you have enough water for watering the planted bamboo-seedlings in the first year of the planting the bamboo seedlings. Realize that you will get the plantlets in February/March. In that period there is not rainfall enough.
Survey your land. The land should be well drained. Soil moisture is important both for growth and to transport plant-food. Excessive moisture is harmful; if the soil easily yields drops of water when squeezed in the hand, then it is too wet for rhizome growth and will make the planted seedlings to rot away.
Do the following now: Collect at least 10 liter of manure and 30 liter of leaves or rice husks for each planted bamboo seedling.
Make a layout of the plantation:
Which parts of the land are infertile? Which of those parts is closest to the public road? Part of the land closest to public road should be earmarked for storage for the harvest of the bamboo culms.
Select the good parts of the land (those that are covered wih soil, without rocky part of the land). Divide this good land in pieces of about 1 ha (i.e 100 x 100m; 1 ha = 2,47 acres). Rocky parts are not taken into consideration
Make a bamboo-plantation size not more than 5 ha. Protect your plantation with a fence. The best and cheapest way for making a fence is to plant Bambusa bamboos; that is, a bamboo plant with thorns. Plant the young shoots in a zigzag-form, with an interval-distance of 40 cm. If you have older plants, make the interval-distance bigger.
On the edge of the plantation-field, allow an empty strips (corridors) of 50 m wide. Such corridors would serve as firebreaks and transport routes, but also as transhumance in those area where agro-pastoralism occurs.
Set different tokens on each part. From time to time you should make a picture of each piece of land (with its token, of course, so that we can recognize the various parts).
It is important to appoint a manager (farmer) for each part of the plantation-field (size 1 ha or more). This farmer is responsible for his field (together with his family).
B. Instructions for one hectare land when you will get hardened stems
1. Collect 4000 kg tempered manure of cows, ghosts or horses for the bottom of the planting holes.
2. Make 10,000 kg fertilizer. This is a mixture of 2 parts of top soil, (free from stones and sand), 2 parts of rice husks and 1 part of manure. (thus: 4000 kg top soil, 4000 kg rice husks and 2000 kg manure.)
3. Place 200 flags or tokens on each of the two strokes (see drawing nr 1 at end of this instruction)
4. Dig on the place of the flags round or square planting holes 40 x 40 x 40 cm with a distance of 5 m between the holes. For D.Asper you need 8m distance.
5. Put a layer of 10 cm tempered manure in the planting holes.
6. Call the project leader to inspect the land, and to ensure that the land is ready for the plants. This at the end of the dry period. The bamboo-seedlings for planting will send to you.
7, As soon as you have planted all bamboo, heap some soil around the planted cutting, making a small heap of ground. Press the ground a little.
Protect the plants against wolverene of the goats and other animals. Start with making of your fence:
The bamboo species Bambusa Bambos has thorns. You can plant this on the boarder or edge of your plantation-field. It prevents that goasts or other animals will penetrate your fields. It can grow to a maximun height / length of 30 m. The interval / distances between the newly planted seedlings is zigzag and close together.
8. As long as there is no rain, water the planted seedlings twice a day, in the morning and late afternoon. Do not do the watering on a hot sunny moment! Meanwhile keep all weeds, vegetation, bush, grasses and stones away from the plantation field / land.
9. After two months watering is not necessary.
10. Plant the bamboo-seedlings of the same species together. Don’t forget to label it with name and the year of planting.
C. Maintanance of the plantation.
Soon after planting all kind of weeds start growing. Manual weeding is to be done. This should be done twice during the rainy season and a last time at the beginning of the dry season to reduce the risk of fire.
D. Second year.
Keep your land clean of weeds. Have you interest to expend your plantation? Make pictures of the results of the first year and of the new land. Send these to Menno Wolters <email@example.com>